Comparison of Angiogenic Markers With Competing-Risks Model
AUDIENCE: Ob/Gyn, Family Medicine
KEY FINDINGS: At 35 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks' gestation, the performance of screening for PE by the competing-risks model triple test is superior to that of PlGF alone or the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for the development of disease within 1 week, within 2 weeks and at any time from screening.
BACKGROUND: Purpose of this study is to compare the performance at 35 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks' gestation of screening for delivery with pre-eclampsia (PE) at various timepoints, using one of three approaches: placental growth factor (PlGF) concentration, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) to PlGF concentration ratio, or the competing-risks model, which combines maternal risk factors with biomarkers to estimate patient-specific risk.
DETAILS: This was a prospective observational study of women attending for a routine hospital visit at 35 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks' gestation at one of two maternity hospitals in England between 2016 and 2022. During the visit, maternal demographic characteristics and medical history were recorded and serum PlGF, serum sFlt-1 and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured. Detection rates (DRs) were evaluated for delivery with PE (defined as per American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2019 criteria) within 1 week, within 2 weeks or at any time after screening, using the following strategies: (i) low PlGF (< 10th percentile); (ii) high sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (> 90th percentile); or (iii) the competing-risks model, in which maternal factors were combined with multiples of the median values of PlGF ('single test'), PlGF and sFlt-1 ('double test') or PlGF, sFlt-1 and MAP ('triple test'). Risk cut-offs corresponded to a screen-positive rate of 10%. DRs were compared between tests. Of 34 782 pregnancies, 831 (2.4%) developed PE. In screening for delivery with PE at any time from assessment, the DR at 10% screen-positive rate was 47% by low PlGF alone, 54% by the single test, 55% by high sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, 61% by the double test and 68% by the triple test. In screening for delivery with PE within 2 weeks from assessment, the respective values were 67%, 74%, 74%, 80% and 87%. In screening for delivery with PE within 1 week from assessment, the respective values were 77%, 81%, 85%, 88% and 91%. For prediction of PE at any time, the DR was significantly higher with the triple test compared to PlGF alone or the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, with a DR difference (95% CI) of 20.1% (16.7-23.0%) and 12.4% (9.7-15.3%), respectively. Similar results were seen for prediction of PE within 2 weeks (20.6% (14.9-26.8%) and 12.9% (7.7-17.5%), respectively) and prediction of PE within 1 week (13.5% (5.4-21.6%) and 5.4% (0.0-10.8%), respectively). The double test was superior to the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and the single test was superior to PlGF alone in the prediction of PE within 2 weeks and at any time from assessment, but not within 1 week of assessment.
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Source: Schiattarella, A., Magee, L. A., Wright, A., et al. (2023). Prediction of Hypertensive Disorders After Screening At 36 Weeks' Gestation: Comparison of Angiogenic Markers With Competing-Risks Model. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2023; 62(3): 345-352. Published: September, 2023. DOI: 10.1002/uog.26291.